What are fundamental rights of citizens of the People’s Republic of China?
The fundamental rights of citizens of the People’s Republic of China, as provided in the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, include:
1) All citizens of the People's Republic of China that are equal before the law;
2) Political rights and freedom, including the right to vote and stand for election and freedom of speech, of the press, of assembly, of association, of procession and of demonstration;
3) Freedom of religious belief;
4) Rights of personal freedom and personal dignity, including that freedom of the person is inviolable, that the personal dignity is inviolable, that the residences are inviolable, and that freedom and privacy of correspondence are protected by law;
5) Right of supervision, including the rights to criticize, make suggestions, and/or make complaints or charges against, or exposures of, any state organ or functionary of the People’s Republic of China, and obtain compensation in accordance with the law.
6) Social economic rights, including the right to work, right to rest as working people, the right of livelihood of retired personnel ensured by the state and society, and the right to material assistance from the state and society when citizens are old, ill or disabled;
7) Social cultural rights and freedom, including the right to receive education, the freedom to engage in scientific research, literary and artistic creation and other cultural pursuits,
8) Rights to protect women, including that women enjoy equal rights with men in all spheres of life, in political, economic, cultural, social and family life;
9) Marriage, the family and mother and child that are protected by the state; and
10) The legitimate rights and interests of Chinese nationals residing abroad, returned overseas Chinese, and of the family members of Chinese nationals residing abroad that are protected by the state.
What are fundamental duties of citizens of the People’s Republic of China?
The Constitution of the People’s Republic of China provides that the fundamental duties of citizens of the People’s Republic of China are:
1) to safeguard the unification of the country and the unity of all its nationalities;
2) to abide by the Constitution and the law, keep state secrets, protect public property, observe labor discipline and public order and respect social ethics;
3) to safeguard the security, honor and interests of the People’s Republic of China;
4) to defend the motherland, resist aggression, perform military service, and join the militia in accordance with the law;
5) to pay taxes in accordance with the law, and
6) to practice family planning.
What are the state system and the organizational form of political power of the People’s Republic of China respectively?
According to the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, the People's Republic of China is a socialist state under the people's democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants. China’s organizational form of political power is the system of people's congress. All power in the People's Republic of China belongs to the people. The National People's Congress and the local people's congresses at various levels are the organs through which the people exercise state power.