What are fundamental rights of citizens of the People’s Republic of China?
The fundamental rights of citizens of the People’s Republic of China, as provided in the Constitutional of the People’s Republic of China, include:
All citizens of the People's Republic of China are equal before the law;
Political rights and freedom, including right to vote and stand for election and freedom of speech, of the press, of assembly, of association, of procession and of demonstration;
Freedom of religious belief;
Rights of personal freedom and personal dignity, including that freedom of the person is inviolable, that the personal dignity is inviolable, that the residences are inviolable, and that freedom and privacy of correspondence are protected by law;
Right of supervision, including the rights to criticize, make suggestions, and/or make complaints or charges against, or exposures of, any state organ or functionary of the People’s Republic of China, and obtain compensation in accordance with the law.
Social economic rights, including the right to work, right to rest as working people, the right of livelihood of retired personnel ensured by the state and society, and the right to material assistance from the state and society when citizens are old, ill or disabled;
Social cultural rights and freedom, including the right to receive education, the freedom to engage in scientific research, literary and artistic creation and other cultural pursuits,
Rights to protect women, including that women enjoy equal rights with men in all spheres of life, in political, economic, cultural, social and family life;
Marriage, the family and mother and child are protected by the state; and
The legitimate rights and interests of Chinese nationals residing abroad, returned overseas Chinese, and of the family members of Chinese nationals residing abroad are protected by the state.
What are fundamental duties of citizens of the People’s Republic of China?
The Constitutional of the People’s Republic of China provides that the fundamental duties of citizens of the People’s Republic of China are:
to safeguard the unification of the country and the unity of all its nationalities;
to abide by the Constitution and the law, keep state secrets, protect public property, observe labor discipline and public order and respect social ethics;
to safeguard the security, honor and interests of the People’s Republic of China;
to defend the motherland, resist aggression, perform military service, and join the militia in accordance with the law;
to pay taxes in accordance with the law, and
to practice family planning.
What are the state system and the organizational form of political power of the People’s Republic of China respectively?
According to the Constitutional Law of the People’s Republic of China, the People's Republic of China is a socialist state under the people's democratic dictatorship led by the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants. China’s organizational form of political power is the system of people's congress. All power in the People's Republic of China belongs to the people. The National People's Congress and the local people's congresses at various levels are the organs through which the people exercise state power.
What is government information?
Government information hereby referred to need to meet the following three requirements. First, it is information in the hands of the government. Second, it is information relevant to economy, social administration and public service. Third, it is information delivered through special media.
Which government departments have the obligation to release government information?
The working departments and bureaus and other administrative organizations of government at various levels have the obligation to release government information. To be more specific, municipal, district, county and township governments, and their departments and affiliated bureaus have the obligation to release government information in accordance with legal authorization or government trust.
What's the function of e-governance in Nanning?
E-governance has been established at government departments of different levels in Nanning. The release of government information is a key area of application of E-governance in order to let more people share the convenience and information. Nanning has been working to promote government information release its IT application departments and the government websites of different levels.
What government information is to be kept confidential by government departments?
Government information of state secret, commercial secret, personal privacy or other sensitive issues is to be kept confidential as the release of such government information will undermine state security, damage enterprise or individual interest and affect social stability and normal life or result in other serious results.
When applying for the release of information, what should citizens, legal persons and other organizations pay attention to?
Why applying to release information, citizens, legal persons and other organizations should pay attention to the following issues in order to enhance the effectiveness of government departments. First, submit the application directly to relevant government departments, instead of municipal or district (county) government. Government at all levels should help citizens, legal persons and other organizations clarify the relevant departments that can provide the information. Second, describe clearly and in detail the government information that it needs, which can help government departments to find the media and information within a short period of time. Third, do not submit too many applications at one time; otherwise the government will need more time to handle the application.
How to search for government information?
There are many ways to get government information as decided by means of information release. It can be found on government bulletin or other newspapers and magazines; on government website online; through government press release, or public media such as radio and TV; in public checking room or material searching room, government information bulletin and electronic screens in major office areas of government departments; and other means through which the public can acquire information on time and accurately.
The general public can acquire government information through the following means: First, log on to “Nanning, China” website（http://www.nanning.gov.cn). Second,, dial hotline of government departments. Four, send mail, fax or email to government departments. Five, go to checking offices and application rooms of relevant department.
What special procedures are needed if citizens, legal persons and other organizations need government information about themselves?
In order to protect the interest of the subject of information, while applying for government information about business license and registration, tax payment, social security and other information closely related to the individual, citizens, legal persons and other organizations have to follow special procedures. Currently, there are two means. First, the applicant can submit application in written form with his ID cards at government departments. The written application should include the description of government information needed, applicant's signature or stamp. Second, by means of CA online authentication technology, which is already applied in some government departments. With such a technology, the identity of the applicant can be checked online and the application can be made online.