Buddhism is the state religion of Cambodia. Buddhists account for more than 85% of the country's population, and most of them believe in the Hinayana Buddhism. Temples are spread all over the country, and the king monk and monks are well-respected generally. Usually, men should become monks once in their lives regardless of their social status. When visiting the Buddhist temple, you should dress neatly and take off your hats and shoes. It is forbidden to touch the top of one’s head with hands. Namaste, the etiquette throughout the country, is to put together the two palms in front of one’s chest, and then slightly bow the body, while the height of fingertips is depended on the identity of the other party, that is, the other party's identity is higher, and the height of the fingertips should be higher. Handshake ceremony is also used in social settings.
Most of the traditional houses in Cambodia are high-rise buildings in bamboo and wood structure, about two meters high above the ground. The top of the house is for living, while the bottom for raising the livestock, storing debris or parking vehicles. Urban buildings come in a variety of styles.
Cambodians usually wear simple clothes, and many are even barefooted or wear slippers, but they are well-dressed in formal social occasions, mostly wearing suits or formal national costumes. The traditional costumes of the Cambodian nationality mainly include: sarongs, tube skirts, phoenixtail skirts and krama.
Cambodians mainly eat rice, and they like spicy food such as pepper, scallion, ginger, garlic, mint, as well as lettuce and kippers. They use chopsticks or cutlery for eating, but the rural area still keeps the habit of eating rice with hands or with cross-legged on the ground.
In addition to international festivals, the main festivals of the country include the Cambodian New Year (mid-April) and the Imperial Ploughing Festival (at the end of April or early May, the king, queen or prince, princess plough and sow figuratively in the arable land of the royal family to prayer for good weather and bumper harvest), the birthday of the king (May 14), the Pchum Ben (the late September, worshiping the ancestors), the Constitutional Day (September 24), the Paris Agreement Day (October 23), the Independence Day (November 9), Bon Om Touk (at the end of October or early November, marking the end of the rainy season, racing dragon boat, worshiping the moon, praying for the harvest of next year).