Vientiane, a historic city and Buddhist shrine, is the capital of Laos. It has been a political, economic and cultural center since mid-16th century when King Setatilla moved from Luang Prabang. The city was said to own many sanders in the ancient time, thus being named as “City of Sanders” literally. Located on the left bank of Mekong River, the city stands opposite to Thailand, with an area of 3,920 square kilometers. Today, Vientiane is the largest industrial and commercial city in Laos, with the largest number of factories, workshops and shops in the country, mainly dealing in wood processing, cement and brick, weaving, and jewelry. Vientiane owns 3/4 factories of the country, and most foreign-invested companies. Vientiane Wattay International Airport, on the bank of Mekong River, helps connect the city with others home and abroad, through direct flights. No.13 Highway and Mekong River meander through Vientiane from its south to north, so you can reach the north part of Thailand by car, via the Mekong River Friendship Bridge. There are many famous temples and ancient towers in Vientiane, especially Pha That Luang, a famous Buddhist shrine in the northeast of the city. Pha That Luang, built in 1566, is a world-famed architecture and a symbol of Vientiane and one of the most important historical sites in Southeast Asia. Pha That Luang Square is the largest one in the city, where a grand Temple Fair is held every year in November. Temples and ancient pagodas in the city are featured by tropical and Laotian style.