1. Favorable geographical location
Situated in the southern part of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning is neighboring Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, close to Southwest China, and facing the Southeast Asia. As the only coastal city among all the capital cities in West China, Nanning boasts a favorable geographical location. It is a city along the sea (172 km from Fangchenggang port, 204 km from Beihai port, and 104 km from Qinzhou port), along the river (the Yongjiang River, a branch of the Xijiang River and a main stream of the Pearl River), and along the border (over 200 km from the Friendship Pass in the Sino-Vietnamese border area). It serves as the most convenient passage to the southern sea for Southwest China, a convergence point of South China, Southwest China and Southeast Asian Economic Circle, as well as a frontier city connecting China and ASEAN countries.
2. Preferential investment policies
Nanningis the center of politics, economy, science and technology, culture, education and information. With the approval of the State Council Nanning has enjoyed the preferential policies for coastal cities since 1992. It has been designated as an important region for the West China Great Development Project since 2000. It is also the only capital city in the minority autonomous regions that enjoys both the preferential policies for coastal cities and the preferential policies for the middle and western parts of China.
3. Rich agricultural, mineral, and tourist resources
——Agricultural resources:Nanningenjoys a subtropical monsoon climate with plentiful sunshine and rainfall. During all of the four seasons of the year, the city is covered with luxuriant verdant vegetation. As a bread basket and a cash crops base in Guangxi, Nanning is rich in local and special agricultural products such as rice, corns, cassava, sugarcane, peanuts, beans, fiber crops, tea, jasmine flowers, Chinese chestnuts, and tobacco leaves, and more than 40 subtropical fruits like banana, pineapple, mango, longan, litchi, flat peach, orange, and over 300 Chinese medicinal herbs including amomun villosum, Chinese yam rhizome, Pinellia ternata Breit, Poria cocos, honeysuckle, panax notoginseng, andChinese cinnamon.
——Tourist resources:As a distributing center for tourists and commodities, Nanning and its surrounding areas boast abundant tourist resources. One of the four travel divisions in Guangxi is centered in Nanning. To the north of Nanning is the breathtaking scenery of Guilin, and to the south comes the Silver Beach of Beihai. Nanning is only 200 km away from the Detian Waterfall, a transnational waterfall between China and Vietnam. A number of scenic spots are scattered in the city, for instance, Qingxiu Mountain, Liangfengjiang National Forest Reserve, Yangmei Ancient Town, Damingshan Mountain, Jiulong Waterfalls, Jinlun Primitive Cave, Longhushan Natural Reserve, and Kunlun Pass.
——Mineral resources:Nanning is located in the Lingnan (South of the Five Ridges, mainly referring to the region covering Guangdong and Guangxi) non-ferrous metal zone. A total of 41 kinds of minerals have been found, including manganese, zinc, aluminum, gold, silver, coal, quarts sand, rock crystal, barite, dolomite and granite. The deposits of 18 types of minerals, which fall into 6 categories, are verified. A number of minerals found in Nanning take the lead in their deposits throughout Guangxi. Dominant mineral resources include vanadium, copper, tungsten, kaoline, tile clay, quartz sandstone, turf, saggar, and limestone.
4. Perfect industrial bases
The Aluminum Industry:The deposit of bauxite in Guangxi covers two-thirds of the national total, which benefits Nanning a lot in its aluminum industrial development. Alnan Aluminum Co., Ltd. is a leading enterprise in aluminum industry. With strong technical advantages and advanced manufacturing equipment, the company’s major lines are aluminum with high precision, aluminum alloy strips, aluminum windows, aluminum doors, aluminum walls, aluminum pipes, and other aluminum materials. An aluminum industrial zone has been established in Nanning to deal with the production of electrolytic aluminum, alumina, electrolytic aluminum ingot, extruded section for construction utility, home appliances, decoration board materials, PS boards, aluminum anti-theft cover, aluminum soft packaging, matching products for aluminum industry, and automobile aluminum parts.
The Chemical Industry:With some comparative advantages, the chemical industry in Nanning has developed its strength in inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals, pesticide, fertilizer, rubber processing, and fine chemicals, which can meet the demands of the domestic markets. In 2004, the overall industrial output of Nanning amounted to 2.187 billion yuan. 50 chemical manufacturing enterprises above designated size were established including Nanning Chemical Industry Group Co., Ltd., Nanning Chemical Industry Co., Ltd., Nanning Monosodium Glutamate Factory, Guangxi Tianyuan Biochemical Industry Co., Ltd., Guangxi Mingyang Starch Manufacturing Co., Ltd., and Nanning Citric Acid Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
The Pulp and Paper Making Industry:Thanks to the abundant resources of economic forest, bamboo groove and bagasse, Nanning’s pulp and paper making industry enjoys wide development prospects. In recent years, Nanning’s paper making industry has been developed greatly and has reached a large industrial scale. Among the 153 pulp and paper making enterprises in Nanning, there are 5 large and medium scale ones whose outputs outnumber 10,000 tons, including Nanning Phoenix Paper Making Co., Ltd., Nanning Sugar Industry Co., Ltd., Ningzhen Paper Making Co., Ltd., Hengxian Liangqi Paper Making Factory, and Wumin Aonuo Paper Making Co., Ltd. Their major products cover bleached wood-pulp boards, offset sheets, copy paper, toilet tissues, and wrapping paper.
The Medicine Industry:The medicine industry in Nanning has developed its initial scale and produced a number of well-known medicines. In 2004 the overall industrial output reached 1.045 billion yuan. There are a total of 46 pharmaceutical enterprises in Nanning, 30 of which have reached a large industrial scale. The amino acid series made by Nanning Anlitaimeishi Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. have dominated in industrial capacity. There is one postdoctoral center, one technological research center at a provincial level, and three technological research centers at a city level. Major lines of products are chemical material medicine and preparation, biochemical medicine, Chinese patent medicine, medical apparatus and instruments, medical drinks, and TCM tablets. Nanning has 25 protected traditional Chinese medicinal products so far.
The Building Material Industry:Nanninghas abundant raw material resources for the production of building materials. Limestone for cement production and intensive processing is of large deposit and high quality. Plenty of kaolin meets the demand for the high standard ceramic production. There are 65 building material enterprises engaged in cement, cement products, ceramic, glass, sandstone, newly developed building material, and stone processing. The five enterprises with over 100 million yuan include Guangxi Huarun Hongshuihe Cement Co., Ltd., Nanning Fufa Glass Co., Ltd., Guangxi Huahong Cement Co., Ltd., Guangxi Jiatai Cement Co., Ltd., and Guangxi Dadu Cement Concrete Co., Ltd. Their main products are silicate cement, special cement, cement pipeline, cement utility pole, glass, ceramic for construction utility, sandstone, brick, water-proof material, heat insulation material, decoration material, chemical pipe, and stones for construction utility. In 2004 the overall industrial output of the 65 building material enterprises totaled 2.713 billion yuan.
The Food Industry:As one of the pillar industries in Nanning, the food industry has developed its initial scale involving the production of sugar, tobacco, drinks, feedstuff, starch, grains and cooking oil processing, canned food, and dairy products. The major products cover machine-made sugar, cigarette, soda, beer, canned food, dairy products, flour, starch, and feedstuff. There are a total of more than 130 food enterprises in Nanning whose overall industrial output amounted to 10.120 billion yuan, and actual sales revenue of 9.845 billion yuan. Among them, the sales revenue of Nanning branch, Guangxi Cigarette Factoryoutnumbered 2.2 billion yuan, and that of Nanning Sugar Industry Co., Ltd. exceeded 2 billion yuan. The Yun’ou white sugar made by Nanning Sugar Industry Co., Ltd. has been regarded as Best Known Trademark in China. And the Yun’ou and Mingyang white sugar produced by Nanning Sugar Industry Co., Ltd., the Junchi and Lixue flour made by Guangxi Yinxue Brothers Flour Co., Ltd., and the Tieniao soy sauce and vinegar made by Nanning Sauces Factory have been awarded the nationalinspection-free products.
The Service Industry:The service industry is a competitive industry in Nanning. In 2005, the added value of the tertiary industry amounted to 200 million yuan, and the total retail sales of consumer goods reached 37.8 billion yuan, topping the 12 capital cities in West China. In recent years, the development of commerce, trade and tourism industries has maintained a strong momentum, while exhibition and information industries kept rapid development. A group of well-known enterprises such as Carrefour, Wal-Mart, Wangfujin, Parkson, Suning, and Gome have been established in Nanning, injecting new vitality to the local commercial development.
5. Comfortable human settlement.
Great attention has been paid to the urban development in harmony with ecological environment development. Adhering to the concept of “landscaping urban areas, afforesting sub-urban areas, and providing tree-shaded streets and flowery courtyard gardens”, and aiming at the objective of “sheltering the city in the midst of forest and flowers”, remarkable successes have been achieved in building the “Green City of China”.
In 2005, afforestation coverage in the urban area is 39.8%; green rate is 33%; public green area per capital is 8.1 m2. Nanning won the honor for best practices in urban construction and urban human settlement development for its commitment and adherence to “people-oriented” and sustainable urban development.
Nanninghas been successively awarded a number of honors in many areas of activities. A few amongst these are: “Nationally Designated Clean City”, “China Top City for Comprehensive Environmental Control and Management”, “Nationally Designated Landscaping City”, “China Top Ten Cities for Afforestation and Gardening ”, “Dubai International Award for Best Practices in Improving the Living Environment”, “China Top Ten Cities for the Development of Ecological Environment”, the First Award for “The Excellent Environment for Human Settlements of China”, “China Advanced City for Civilization Construction”, “China Top City for Comprehensive Control and Management of Public Security”, and “China Model City for Afforestation”.
6. Abundant human resources.
In 2005, there were 6 institutions offering graduate programs in Nanning with an annual enrollment of 2748 new postgraduates, and a total of 6415 full-time postgraduates and 976 graduates; 28 colleges and universities in Nanning with an annual enrollment of 57,800 new students and a total of 160,100 full-time students and 30,000 graduates; 32 specialized secondary schools with a total of 76,100 full-time students and 23,000 graduates; 17 technical schools with 25,200 full-time students and 7200 graduates; 413 middle schools with 424,900 full-time students. There were 180,000 professionals and technical personnel in Nanning, among whom 107,600 were special technicians from state-owned enterprises and 49,600 had intermediary academic titles.
7. Incorruptible and effective government administrative environment
In recent years, Nanning has been making efforts to create a good government administrative environment, and dedicating itself to the construction of a service-oriented government.
——Halls of administrative approval and certificate transaction are established in Nanning. There are six systems, namely, “service commitment system, first asked responsibility system, information once system, transaction within time limit system, adverse opinion report system, and liability investigation system ” to be carried out in the halls. So far, 36 municipal government departments have set up offices in these halls, and accepted 330 administrative approval handlings.
—--Varieties of activities are carried out to provide services for foreign-funded enterprises, industrial enterprises, and commercial enterprises, and services for China-ASEAN city construction. Senior officials take the initiatives to make researches on enterprises, and resolve all the difficulties and problems that arise in the enterprises during their process of administrative approval, construction, production and operation, so as to promote their development and offer them quality prompt services.
——The Administrative Approval Law is earnestly implemented. In accordance with the requirements of the market-oriented economy, we transform governmental functions at a higher speed, standardize administrative approval procedures, diminish administrative approval proceedings to the maximum extent, open government affairs to the public, publicize office systems, procedures and charge standards, simplify office procedures, enhance office efficiency, and improve government service standard.
——The government has issued the Decision of the CPC Nanning Committee and Nanning Municipal Government on further Regulating Soft Investment Environment, set up a soft investment environment regulating work leading group, stipulated 30 measures to regulate soft investment environment, regarded the effects of regulating soft investment environment as an important part of senior officials’ performance evaluation, and taken hard measures to renovate soft environment.
Great attention has been paid to the urban development in harmony with ecological environment development. In accordance with the concept of“landscaping urban areas, afforesting sub-urban areas, and providing tree-shaded streets and flowery courtyard gardens”, and aiming at the objective of“sheltering the city in the midst of forest and flowers”, remarkable successes have been achieved in building the“GreenCity of China”.
In 2006, afforestation coverage in the urban area was 40.77%; greening rate 38.21%; public green area per capital 24.15 m2; and the percentage of quality air in the urban area reached 96.71%. Nanning won the honor for best practices in urban construction and urban human settlement development for its commitment and adherence to“people-oriented”and sustainable urban development.
NanningHarbor, regarded as a leading harbor along the main waterway of Xijiang River and one of the most important harbors of the inland rivers of China, is a key component of passage ways for commodities from Southwest China to the sea. It is a distributing center for materials from Nanning’s neighboring areas, and undertakes the responsibility of regional foreign export center for Guangxi and for the cargo transportation by Nanning-Kunming Railway. It has waterways leading to Longzhou, Baise, Guigang, Wuzhou, Guangzhou, Hong Kong and Macao; there are major routes of Nanning-Wuzhou, Nanning-Guangzhou, Nanning-Baise, Nanning-Hong Kong (Macao), etc.
1.Communications and Transportation:With geographical advantages of adjoining rivers, seas (172 kmfrom Fangchenggang port, 204 km from Beihai port, and 104 km from Qinzhou port) and borders (over 200 km from the Friendship Pass in the Sino-Vietnamese border area), communications and transportation networks in Nanning have been developed in three dimensions inclusive of airlines, railways, highways and waterways.
Airlines:Nanning Wuxu International Airport is a 4A ranking airport at national level. In 2006, 27,000 scheduled flights took off and landed there. At present, 39 international and domestic airlines are in service connecting Nanning to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Bangkok, and Hanoi, etc.
Railways:Domestic passenger trains starting from Nanning take passengers to cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xi’an, Chengdu, Kunming, Zhengzhou, Nanchang, Zhangjiajie, etc. An international passenger train directly leads to Dong Dang of Vietnam from Beijing via Nanning.
Highways:The highway network of Nanning comprised of national highways, provincial highways and expressways, makes a very convenient, efficient and interrelated network connecting all counties and cities of Guangxi with the major cities of China. Presently the longest provincial expressway in China, the Guilin-Beihai Expressway, has its pivotal point in Nanning. The shortest passage to the sea from Southwest China, Nanning-Hechi (Shuiren) Expressway, is opened to traffic, connecting Guizhou and Sichuan with Nanning. The expressway to the Friendship Pass, a strategic post at Sino-Vietnamese border areas, has been constructed and opened to traffic. Also known as the first gateway to South China, it serves as the most convenient international passage way on land from China to Vietnam and Southeast Asian countries. Moreover, the expressway from Nanning to Guangzhou is under construction.
2. Intercity Traffic
The traffic network in the urban areas of Nanning has been improved greatly. At present, the traffic structure of Nanning includes four ring roads such as the 1string road, the 2ndring road, city ring road, and ring road expressway. There are 36 passenger service stations, 754 interprovincial and intraprovincial coach routes for passengers, 56 interprovincial and intraprovincial routes for break-bulk cargos. There are 9 taxi companies with about 3450 taxis, and 4 bus companies with 1981 buses.