There are five landscapes in Nanning, namely: flat ground, low hills, stone mountains, hilly land and bench terraces.
Flat ground covers the largest area in Nanning, totaling 1,037.33 square kilometers, accounting for 57.78% of the total area of the city. It mainly spreads out from the confluence of the lower branches of the Zuojiang River and the Youjiang River, as well as along the banks of the Yongjiang River.
Low hills cover an area of 82.64 square kilometers, accounting for 4.6% of the total. They mainly spread out from Phoenix Mountain, located at the western edge of the urban area with an elevation of 300 meters; while the rest spreads out from the Gaofeng Hill, located at the northern part of the urban area with an elevation of 250 meters.
The stone mountains cover an area of 46.7 square kilometers, accounting for 2.61% of the total area. There are2two categories of stone mountains: mountains of isolated peaks or mountains of fungling. The isolated peaks are generally 200 meters above sea level. The mountains of fungling have an elevation of about 300 meters and connected to each other by narrow (roughly 80 meters) valleys at elevations of about 120 meters.
Hilly land covers an area of 279.86 square kilometers, accounting for 15.59% of the total.
Bench terraces are mostly erosion surface in tertiary period, micro-cut, slightly wavy, with an elevation of 120 meters. They are generally plane of denudation in ancient times, with gentle slopes and flat plane.