As of March 18, 2005, the total population of Nanning was 6.48 million, among which 2.45 million were urban residents after the adjustment of administrative divisions.
Nanning is a city where Zhuang ethnic group live in compact communities, and also the only city in all the autonomous regions in China features a southern flavor, together with open coastal areas. Thirty-five ethnic groups live in compact communities in Nanning, including people of Zhuang, Han, Yao, Hui, Miao, Dong, and Man minorities, among these groups the Zhuang people make up 56.3% of the total population. All the ethnic groups live in harmony. Their peculiar ethnic flavors and colorful ethnic cultures make a deep impression on the visitor.